November is Diabetes Month
- One in 10 American adults has Type-2 diabetes, according to the Society’s Endocrine Facts and Figures Report. Diabetes occurs when an individual doesn’t produce enough insulin – the hormone that allows cells to absorb glucose in the blood – or the pancreas isn’t making insulin as efficiently as it should. As a result, blood sugars build up in the body and the cells do not receive the energy they need.
- People who achieve weight loss of 10% or more in the first five years following diagnosis with Type-2 diabetes have the greatest chance of seeing their disease go into remission, according to a study led by the University of Cambridge. The findings suggest that it is possible to recover from the disease without intensive lifestyle interventions or extreme calorie restrictions.
- Type-2 diabetes affects 400 million people worldwide and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, blindness and amputations. While the disease can be managed through a combination of positive lifestyle changes and medication, it is also possible for the high blood glucose levels that define diabetes to return to normal.
- There is less evidence to show whether the same effect can be achieved by people undergoing fewer intensive interventions, which are more feasible and potentially scalable to the wider population. Results are promising. Interventions can be very challenging to individuals and difficult to achieve. However, results suggest that it may be possible to erase diabetes, for at least five years, with a modest weight loss of 10%. This will be more motivating and hence more achievable for many people.
Stephanie Collins, RN